TOEFL is administered online from where it gets its name – TOEFL iBT (Internet Based Test). The test is of 4.5 hours duration and consists of a variety of reading, listening, speaking and writing tasks.
During the test, students will be expected to demonstrate their ability to combine all four skills: reading, listening, speaking and writing tasks. For instance, students may be asked to:
- Read, listen and then write in response to a question
- Read, listen and then speak in response to a question
- Listen and then speak in response to a question
Structure of the TOEFL iBT
|Reading||60 – 80 minutes||36 – 56 questions||Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.|
|Listening||60 – 90 minutes||34 – 51 questions||Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answer questions.|
|Speaking||20 minutes||6 tasks||Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.|
|Writing||50 minutes||2 tasks||Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.|
TOEFL iBT Score Scales
Each of the four TOEFL sections (Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing) is scored out of 30. The composite (or overall) TOEFL score will range from 0 to 120 and is calculated by combining the TOEFL scores on each of the four sections.
|Reading||0 – 30||High (22-30) Intermediate (15-21) Low (0-14)|
|Listening||0 – 30||High (22 – 30) Intermediate (15 – 21) Low (0 – 14)|
|Speaking||0 – 30||Good (26 – 30) Fair (18 – 25) Limited (10 – 17) Weak (0 – 9)|
|Writing||0 – 30||Good (24 – 30) Fair (17 – 23) Limited (1 – 16)|